Type 5 Planes (1877-1882)

1877 brought one major change to the Miller's Patent, the upper and lower horns of the tote were shortened considerably. This change was made to help reduce the breakage that occurred with the longer horns, this would simplify construction and reduce material usage as well. Many earlier type planes show significant damage to the upper horn of the tote as well as severe chipping to the lower horn, a wise move by Stanley. The depth gauge brass nut no longer has the bead around the threaded hole. The screws that hold the cutter clamp now have flat heads. You will notice that changes through the types so far have been made to simplify construction, reduce breakage and to reduce cost of manufacture.

 #42 Type 5 (1877-1882)

This plane is shown with the extra fence removed for clarity. Make note of the shorter horns of the tote, although a good design change it makes the appearance less dramatic.


 #42 Type 5 right side view.

 Same plane with extra fence in place.



 #43 Type 5 (1877-1882)

This example of the #43 is in mint condition. To help gauge a planes condition look at the bridge (top surface) of the body, this is where the japanning will wear off first. Second is to look at the top of the arms where the rods go through and to the side of the arms. This area should be fully japanned with no iron showing through on the raised areas of the casting. The skate of the plane should have a high luster. The brass components should have crisp edges, and the knurling on the screws should be crisp as well. The tote should have distinct edges, not rounded and should have a full lacquer finish. Any thing less than this degrades the condition, typical planes show wear from use and age and are the norm.


 #43 type 5 right side view.


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 Type 4

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